resource-based concessions, which depend on the level of resources available to the negotiating partner and, in particular, the pressure to reach an agreement due to lack of resources; and as we have already argued, a mix of descriptive and normative views is often appropriate in a negotiating context. We will therefore use more technical criteria to classify content models in the negotiation process. An important dimension to distinguish between the different trading options is the number of issues negotiated and, in particular, whether there is only one problem (such as the price in negotiations for the purchase of a standard property) or there are several issues (such as the many other clauses that could include a sales contract, such as the terms of delivery , payment terms, guarantees, etc.). The transition of individuals to several themes has profound consequences on the characteristics of a negotiation problem. Individual negotiations are, by definition, related to a conflict of interest. If all parties preferred to change a subject in the same direction, there would be no need to negotiate. Negotiations on individual negotiations are therefore not distributed. However, they are not necessarily a zero-sum game. Although the benefit of one party results in a loss to the other party, it is nevertheless possible for non-linear emission value functions to make concessions that increase the overall benefit of both parties. A contractual agreement between two or more trading partners in favour of adopting a common business strategy for a project. All partners generally agree to share profits and losses through their holdings. Many of the methods developed in this area combine the second and third approaches using interactive, multi-criteria decision-making methods.
These methods structure the process of resolving a decision problem with several criteria in the form of a dialogue between the decision maker and the system. At each stage, the decision maker provides some information about his preferences, the system calculates one or more possible solutions from this information, and the decision maker can then revise or specify the preferential information in order to improve the (s) solution. The sum of the pros and cons to be distributed in a negotiation is illustrated by the concept of a bargaining cake.  The course of negotiations may result in either an increase, a narrowing or stagnation of these values. If the negotiating parties are able to extend the overall cake, a win-win situation is possible if it is assumed that both parties benefit from the cake extension. In practice, however, this approach to maximization is often hampered by the so-called “small cake bias,” that is, the psychological underestimation of the size of the trading cake. Similarly, the possibility of increasing the cake may be underestimated because of the so-called impartiality of incompatibility.  Unlike the increase in cake, the cake can also be reduced during negotiations, for example. B due to (excessive) trading costs.  What are the fates of negotiation? Negotiation skills are needed to achieve better arrangements in our personal and professional lives. Among the negotiating capabilities are the methods: consider your “best alternative to a negotiated agreement” (also known as BATNA).
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