What Did Churchill Call The Munich Agreement

October 14, 2021 5:26 am Published by

The Munich Accords (Czech: Mnichovská dohoda; Slovak: Mníchovská dohoda; German: Munich Agreement) or Munich Betrayal (Czech: Mnichovská zrada; Mníchovská zrada) was an agreement concluded in Munich on September 30, 1938 by Nazi Germany, the United Kingdom, the French Third Republic and the Kingdom of Italy. It provided for the “cession of the Sudeten German territory” from Czechoslovakia to Germany. [1] Most European countries celebrated the agreement because it prevented the war threatened by Adolf Hitler by allowing the annexation of the Sudetenland by Nazi Germany, a region in western Czechoslovakia inhabited by more than 3 million people, mostly German-speaking. Hitler proclaimed this was his last territorial claim in Europe, and the choice seemed to be between war and appeasement. What is Czechoslovakia`s remaining position? They are not only politically mutilated, but also economically and financially completely confused. Their banks, their railway arrangements are cut and broken, their industries are restricted and the movement of their populations is extremely cruel. The Sudetenbergs, who are all Czechs and whose families have lived in this region for centuries, now have to flee to an area where there are almost no mines where they can work. It is a tragedy that has happened. There must always be the deepest regret and a sense of despair in British hearts about the treatment and misfortune that the Czechoslovak Republic has overcome. Before the Munich Accords, Hitler`s determination to invade Czechoslovakia on October 1, 1938 had triggered a serious crisis in the German command structure. The Chief of the General Staff, General Ludwig Beck, protested in a long series of memos that this would trigger a world war that Germany would lose, and urged Hitler to postpone the planned war. Hitler called Beck`s arguments against the war “childish calculations of force.” On August 4, 1938, a secret meeting of the army was held.

Beck read his detailed report to the assembled officers. They all agreed that something had to be done to avoid a certain catastrophe. Beck hoped they would all resign together, but no one but Beck resigned. His successor, General Franz Halder, sympathized with Beck and both conspired with several high-ranking generals, Admiral Wilhelm Canaris (head of German intelligence) and Count von Helldorf (chief of the Berlin police), to arrest Hitler at the time he gave the invasion order. This plan would only work if Britain issued a week-long warning and a letter that it would fight for the preservation of Czechoslovakia. This would help convince the German people that Germany has suffered some defeat. Agents were therefore sent to England to inform Chamberlain that an attack on Czechoslovakia was planned and of their intention to overthrow Hitler if that happened. The proposal was rejected by the British Cabinet and no such letter was issued.

As a result, the proposal to remove Hitler was not advanced. [62] On this basis, it has been argued that the Munich Accords kept Hitler in power, although it is doubtful that they would have been more successful than the 1944 plot. September.m at 11:45 p.m..m., 11 a.m., after the Czechoslovak government agreed to the Munich terms, Poland issued an ultimatum to the Czechoslovak government. [78] He called for the immediate evacuation of Czechoslovak troops and police and gave Prague time until noon the next day. On October 1 at 11:45 a.m..m.m., the Czechoslovak Foreign Ministry called the Polish ambassador in Prague at 11.m and told him that Poland could have anything it wanted, but then asked for a 24-hour delay. On October 2, the Polish Army under the command of General Władysław Bortnowski annexed an area of 801.5 km² with a population of 227,399 people. Administratively, the annexed area was divided between Frysztat County and Cieszyn County. [79] At the same time, Slovakia lost 10,390 km² to Hungary with 854,277 inhabitants. When the news came that night, Beck called me to him and we discussed at length whether we should mobilize to defend Czechoslovakia. .

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